NUPE TIMELINE By Ndagi Abdullahi

Nupe Kingdom

1700 BC – Egyptian pharaoh visited KinNupe with a contingent of 700,000 people.
1400 BC – Egyptian pharaoh Ramses the Great engaged the service of Nupe witchdoctors and wizards.
800 BC – The Nupe practiced Nok culture which spread from Central KinNupe to the Jos Plateau.
600 BC – Cambyses I, the king of Persia (Iran) sent spies to KinNupe in search of the Table of the Sun.
500 BC – Hanno, the Carthaginian navigator, came with a fleet of sixty ships and over 300,000 sailors to KinNupe in search of the Garden of the Hesperides (Garden of Eden) which the ancients believed was located here in KinNupe.
1 AD – Nupe people spread out towards Central and South Africa as the Bantu expansion.
200 AD – Christianity first got to KinNupe from the Christian church of Nubia under Bishop Arius.
640 AD – Kisra migrations into KinNupe.
The Kisra people are refugees from the Mediterranean, Southern Europe, Arabia and Asia Minor.
700s AD – Immigrant Kisra refugees merged with the indigenous Nupe Gara people to form the Sagara or Zugurma Nupe kingdom which was to grow into the Songhai Empire in later times.
700s AD – Nupe people established cultures at Igbo Ukwu in today’s Iboland.
800s AD – Sagara, the United Kingdom of the Kisra and Gara Nupe people, extends from KinNupe as the Original Songhai kingdom out of North-western Nigeria.
800s – The So, Sao, Sef or Sayfawa, a Yisa Kisra Nupe people, established the Kanem kingdom on the reaches of the Lake Chad.
800s AD – Songhai kingdom founded by Nupe people on the banks of the River Niger in Central in KinNupe.
800s AD – Songhai kingdom grew into an empire and expands from KinNupe to Niger Republic where a new capital was found at Gao.
850s AD – The Dugu Nupe dynasty established Old Borno as a superpower in Central KinNupe.
900s AD – The Nupe kingdom of Ife eventually settled at today’s Ile Ife after migrating from Central KinNupe a long time before c.900AD.
900s AD – The Nupe kingdom of Bini eventually settled at today’s Benin City after migrating from Central KinNupe a long time before c.900AD.
1067 – El-Bakri, the Arab historian, mentioned the Nupe empire of Old Borno as Gubara.
1068 – El-Bakri, the Arab historian, mentioned the kingdom of Yisa located in KinNupe.
1086 – Kanem merged with Old Bornu, the Nupe kingdom that migrated to the Lake Chad, to form the Kanem-Bornu kingdom.
1090s – Nupe Kororofa attacked Old Borno. In those days both Kororofa and Borno were located in Central KinNupe.
1200 – Kisra Yisa Nupe civil war mentioned by S.H.R. Palmer.
1200s – Old Borno empire of Central KinNupe fall and, as a prostrated kingdom, began its migration out of KinNupe towards its present location near the Lake Chad as the Borno kingdom of history.
1200s – Civil wars in KinNupe drove the Nupe Bini Kingdom (Original Benin kingdom) out of KinNupe to its present location where we have the Benin city in Edo State today.
1230 – Tsoede born.
1250 – Tsoede left his maternal Apa kingdom for his paternal AtaGara kingdom.
1250s – Tsoede fought in the AtaGara battalion of the Songhai army.
1250s – Tsoede led a successful rebellion of the AtaGara army against the declining Songhai empire.
1250s – Tsoede secured independence for AtaGara from Songhai.
1260 – Tsoede became king or Ata of AtaGara. 1261 – Mutiny and internal rebellion against Tsoede’s rulership as Kanta, Kuta, Ata or king of AtaGara.
1262 – Tsoede dethroned and pursued out of AtaGara.
1262 – Tsoede arrived his maternal Biniland, Central KinNupe, with the Akanda, Kyadya or Kakanda people from AtaGara.
1260s – The Tsoede Wars civil wars engulfed Central KinNupe or Biniland.
1265 – Tsoede conquered Nku and the remnants of the Bini Confederacy in Central KinNupe.
1266 – Tsoede became the king or Egife of the Apa or Ife or Nupe kingdom.
1267 – Tsoede conquered AtaGara.
1269 – Tsoede merged AtaGara and Afa or Nupe into the United Kingdom of Atagarafa, Pandogari or Nupeko otherwise known as Koronofa or Kororofa.
1270 – Tsoede became emperor of Nupeko Kororofa.
1270s – Tsoede’s Nupeko Kororofa accelerated the pursuit of many ancient Nupe kingdoms out of Central KinNupe – including AtaGara, Ife, Old Borno, Edo-Benin, etc, etc.
1300s – A fugitive Nupe kingdom of AtaGara or Katunga eventually settled down, after crossing the River Niger from Central KinNupe, to become Biniya or the Old Oyo kingdom.
1300s – Nupeko Kororofa empire chased Original Bornu out of Central KinNupe towards its present location on the Lake Chad reaches.
1300s – Nupeko Kororofa empire chased Biniya (the Original Oyo kingdom) out of Central KinNupe across the River Niger towards modern Yorubaland. 1310 – Tsoede died.
1320 – Nupe waged war against Katsina.
1325 – The Old Songhai Nupe kingdom was defeated by the rising power of Mali.
1350 – Ibn Batuta mentioned the Nupe Nation as Yufi and as the most powerful kingdom in West Africa.
1350s – Aliyu Yaji, first Muslim king of Kano attacked by the Nupe kingdom of AtaGara.
1385 – Aliyu Yaji king of Kano attacked Nupe Kororofa who fled to the Nupe kingdom of AtaGara.
1400s – The Nupe kingdoms of Oyo and Benin became powerful dependencies of the Nupe Nation.
1400 – With headquarters in KinNupe the Nupe Songhai empire became powerful and began to overshadow the Mali empire.
1400s – Nupe city states in today’s Hausaland began to flourish to become the Hausa city states of today.
1450 – Ilorin founded by the Nupe people.
1490 – The Igala people, known in those days as the Apa, Ife or Nupe, were driven by the Jukun from their Nupe Apa colony near Ibi and Wukari down the Benue River to their present location at Idah in today’s Kogi State.
1500 – Songhai Empire conquers Northern Nigeria.
1505 – The Portuguese traveller Duarte Pacheco Pereira mentioned Nupe as ‘Opu’ as a great nation locatd some 100 league (300 miles) from the coast.
1512 – Leo Africanus mentioned that the Nupe people of the Nupe kingdom of Gungu practised Christianity.
1535 – Nupe conquered and sacked Oyo kingdom and deported its rulers back to KinNupe. In those days the Oyo kingdom was completely a Nupe kingdom.
1505 – Western half of KinNupe conquered by Songhai Empire.
1550s – The Fulanis were attracted to the great Nupe empire and began to migrate into ancient Nigeria from today’s Guinea.
1582 – The Kano Chronicle made mentioned of Nupeko Kororofa.
1591 – Songhai Empire conquered by Morocco.
The defeated rulers of Songhai ran back home to Zugurma in KinNupe their original homeland.
These people are to become the origin Zugurma dynasts of the Tsoede dynasty.
1600 – Kanem-Bornu, originally half Nupe, became a superpower in ancient Nigeria.
1625 – Dahomey kingdom founded in today’s Republic of Benin by Nupe people from Old Oyo Empire.
1630s – Europeans instructors in the use of firearms arrive the Nupe kingdom of Old Borno or Borno Gungu from across the Sahara from Tripoli. Their presence spread the story of Christianity among the ancient Ibara or Igbara Nupe.
1641 – Muslim scholars, of Yemeni origins, came from Borno to settle among the people of Kutigi and Enagi.
1652 – Etsu Muhammadu Wari became the Etsu Nupe.
1655 – More European firearms instructors arrive KinNupe.
1661 – Etsu Muhammadu Wari died.
1661 – Etsu Abdullahi Waliyi became Etsu Nupe.
1681 – Etsu Abdullahi Waliyi died.
1681 – Etsu Aliyu became Etsu Nupe.
1686 – Bornu Gungu, or the Nupe kingdom of Old Borno, reported to have a sizeable population of nominal Christians.
1690 – Etsu Aliyu died.
1690 – Etsu Ganamace became Etsu Nupe.
1700 – Nupeko, also known as Kororofa, reported to be partially Christian.
1700 – A Propaganda Fide Christian mission, headed by the Franciscan father Damiano da Rivoli, left Cairo for KinNupe but had to turn back in 1704 due to the dangers on the route.
1700s – Gbidigi Nupe people established Ilorin as a regional capital city of the Nupe people.
1708 – Roman Catholic priests set up a sixty-bed hospital in KinNupe.
1710 – June: Father Carlo Maria di Genova and Father Severino da Silesia left Tripoli for KinNupe for Christian missionary goals.
1711 – Both of the missionaries Father Carlo Maria di Genova and Father Severino da Silesia died at a place called Caina in ancient KinNupe.
1713 – Etsu Ganamace died.
1713 – Propaganda Fide decided at a meeting to send more Christian missionaries to KinNupe.
1713 – Etsu Ibrahim became Etsu Nupe.
1717 – Etsu Ibrahim died.
1717 – Etsu Idirisu became Etsu Nupe.
1717 – Shehu Usmanu Dan Fodiyo started his preaching activities in Gobir.
1721 – Etsu Idirisu died.
1721 – Etsu Abdullahi Tsado became Etsu Nupe.
1742 – Etsu Abdullahi Tsado died.
1742 – Etsu Abubakar Kolo became Etsu Nupe.
1745 – Olaudah Equiano, the Nupe ex-slave and author, born here in KinNupe.
1746 – Etsu Abubakar Kolo died.
1746 – Etsu Jibirilu became Etsu Nupe.
1748 – Remnants of the fallen Songhai Empire, now back to being a Nupe kingdom, conquered by the Nupe Empire of Old Oyo.
1749 – Etsu Jibirilu overthrown from power by Etsu Mu’azu.
1749 – Etsu Mu’azu became Etsu Nupe.
1753 – Mallam Dendo, alias Manko, born at Kebbi.
1754 – The Nupe Empire of Oyo began to decline following the palace intrigues of Bashorun Gaha.
1756 – Shehu Abdurrahman Gbaji born at Gbaji near Agaie.
1757 – Etsu Mu’azu overthrown from power by Etsu Majiya I.
1757 – Etsu Majiya I became Etsu Nupe.
1777 – Etsu Majiya I died.
1777 – Etsu Iliyasu became Etsu Nupe.
1778 – Shehu Abdurrahman Gbaji began his preaching activities at the age of 22.
1778 – Etsu Iliyasu overthrown by Etsu Mu’azu.
1778 – Tunga clientele farming settlement villages became well established and common in KinNupe.
1778 – Etsu Mu’azu became Etsu Nupe for the second time.
1778 – Shehu Abdurrahman Gbaji initiated his Jihad enterprise in KinNupe.

Nupe People Of Lakpanti
1789 – Nupe overlords from Central KinNupe defeated Oyo which was itself a Nupe satellite Empire.
1790s – The Nupe Empire of Oyo began to fall following the rebellion of Kakamfo Afonja the Nupe War General.
1791 – A fallen Oyo Empire broke away from its motherland Central KinNupe. Thus began the differentiation of the Nupe and Oyo (Yoruba) into different ethnic identities.
1792 – Mallam Maliki settled at the present site of Lafiagi together with his brother Manzuma.
1795 – Etsu Mu’azu died.
1795 – Etsu Mamman became Etsu Nupe.
1796 – Etsu Mamman died.
1796 – Civil war broke out in KinNupe upon the death of Etsu Mamman.
1796 – Nupe Empire shattered into two rival kingdoms: the Eastern and Western Nupe kingdoms.
1796 – Etsu Jimada became Etsu Nupe over the Eastern Nupe kingdom with headquarters at Gbara and Zhima.
1796 – Etsu Majiya II became Etsu Nupe over the Western Nupe kingdom with headquarters at Zugurma.
1796 – Civil war in KinNupe destabilized the Oyo kingdom which was politically and economically dependent on the Nupe empire.
1796 – Kakamfo Afonja, the Nupe war general of Oyo, rebelled against the authority of the Alafin of Oyo.
1797 – Olaudah Equiano, the Nupe ex-slave and author, died.
1800 – Igbomina people fled to KinNupe; they are now found in Tsaragi as the Yoruba half of Tsaragi town.
1800 – Shehu Ibrahim Dabo built the famous Dabo Mosque at Gulu.
1801 – February: Friedrich Conrad Hornemann, the first White man to visit the Central Sudan via the Sahara in modern times, died at Bokani in Central KinNupe.
1803 – Mallam Dendo settled at the village of Bangana near Gwandu.
1804 – Shehu Usmanu Dan Fodiyo declared Jihad warfare in the Gobir and Hausa kingdoms.
1804-1857 – The Mallam Dendo dynasts in Bida extended their rule over the Kontagora area.
1805 – Etsu Muhammadu, a.k.a Etsu Mahmudu, died.
1805 – Etsu Muhammadu succeeded by his war general as Etsu Nyikanko.
1805 – Civil war broke out in KinNupe between three claimants to the Etuship throne after the death of Etsu Muhammadu a.k.a. Etsu Mahmudu.
1805 – Etsu Nyikanko, Etsu Jimada and Etsu Majiya all laid claim to the office of the Etsu Nupe at the same time.
1806 – Umaru Nagwamatse, the Nupe Founder of the Kontagora Emirate, born.
1809 – Samuel Ajayi Crowther born.
1810 – The Battle of Fogbe: Daudu Maza conquered Fogbe for Mallam Babba.
1810 – John Ezzidio born.
1810 – Etsu Majiya I died.
1810 – Umaru Nagwamatse, the Nupe founder of the Kontagora Emirate, born.
1810 – Increased migration of foreign Jihadists into KinNupe.
1812 – Etsu Nyikanko killed at Mokwa.
1813 – Mallam Dendo settled at Raba.
1814 – Daudu Maza fought the Battle of Duma.
1816 – Daudu Maza obtained a flag of recognition from Sokoto.
1817 – Afonja the Nupe war general rebelled against Oyo authority thereby initiating the crises that eventually led to the fall of the Oyo empire.
1817 – Shehu Usmanu Dan Fodiyo died.
1817 – Daudu Maza laid an unsuccessful siege on the Gbagyi village of Gawu.
1818 – Daudu Maza conquered Gawu.
1818 – Mallam Dendo at Raba obtained the Jihad Flag from Gwandu.
1818 – Agbara, the Chief of Bukwo, laid an unsuccessful siege on Lapai 1818 – The Nupe kingdom of Dahomey, in today’s Benin Republic, broke away from the Nupe kingdom of Oyo.
1819 – Daudu Maza obtain a Flag of recognition from Gwandu 1819 – Etsu Mu’azu died.
1820 – Dabo, the Nupe man from Gulu, became emir of Kano.
1820 – Etsu Jimada killed at the Battle of Ragada by the Dendo-Majiya forces.
1820 – Etsu Zubairu Majiya declared sole Etsu Nupe of the whole of the Nupe Nation.
1820 – Prince Isa, son of late Etsu Jimada, hidden by Jimada supporters at Adamalelu.
1820s – Nupe ex-slaves from Brazil and Cuba, known as the Aguda, began to arrive Lagos in large numbers. These Nupe peoples form the famous Aguda families of Lagos to this day.
1821 – Daudu Maza unsuccessfully tried to conquer Abaji.
1821 – Battle of Magango between Etsu Majiya army and Mallam Dendo Fulani group at the village of Magango.
1821 – Mallam Dendo and his group of Mallams fled to Ilorin where they received asylum under Mallam Alimi.
1822 – Mallam Babba established the Agaie Emirate 1823 – Captain Hugh Clapperton travelled through KinNupe.
1825 – Daudu Maza turbaned as the first Emir of Lapai Emirate.
1825 – Makau, the king of Suleja, was killed in an unsuccessful attack on Lapai.
1825 – A Nupe man called Sodeke settled among the Egba Nupe people who have fled the fall of the Oyo kingdom. This new settlement became known as Abeokuta which means ‘Prince’ in Old Nupe.
1826 – The Battle of Ilorin or Mugba Mugba Battle.
1826 – Etsu Zubairu Majiya defeated by Etsu Isa and the Mallams (Dendo and Alimi) at the Battle of Ilorin or Mugba Mugba Battle.
1826 – Etsu Zubairu Majiya fled on exile to Mule in Zugurma and then to Agwara in Kambari land.
1826 – Etsu Isa declared the new Etsu Nupe.
1826 – Etsu Isa chose Edun as the new capital city of the Nupe Nation.
1826 – Relationship between Mallam Dendo at Raba and Etsu Isa at Edun degenerated into open clashes.
1826 – Etsu Isa besieged Raba with Mallam Dendo trapped inside.
1826 – Mallam Dendo invited Etsu Majiya who came and chased Etsu Isa away from the gates of Raba.
1827 – Mallam Dendo gradually established his administrative authority over KinNupe. 1827 – John Ezzidio freed from a slaveship and landed in Freetown.
1828 – Lapai Emirate annexed Bono and Kafin Koro into Lapai territory.
1829 – Shehu Abdurrahman Gbaji murdered by Mallam Dendo’s forces at Kere.
1830 – Etsu Isa, a.k.a. Etsu Idirisu, killed by Etsu Zubairu Majiya.
1830 – The Scottish brothers, Richard and John Lander, travelled through KinNupe.
1832 – Usman Zaki became first Emir of Nupe. 1832 – Mallam Babba obtained the Jihad Flag from Gwandu.
1832 – Mallam Babba turbaned his son, Abdullahi, as the first Emir of Agaie Emirate.
1833 – Mallam Dendo visited at Raba by the Europeans Laird and Oldfield.
1833 – Mallam Dendo died.
1833 – Mallam Halilu became the Emir of Gwandu.
1834 – Masaba waged an unsuccessful war against Raba but was severally defeated by Emir Usman Zaki.
1834 – The Battle of Takuma between Emir Usman Zaki and the combined forces of Masaba, Etsu Majiya and Etsu Idirisu. Emir Usman Zaki defeated the allied, combined forces.
1835 – Masaba settled at Lade as his base and capital city.

Etsu Masaba The King Of Nupe
1835 – Etsu Masaba at Ilorin and Etsu Usman Zaki at Raba schemed the Gwandu authorities into excising several parts of the Gudu, that is Tsaragi, nation into several parts that were given away to Lafiagi, Tsonga and others.
1835 – The Nupe Sheikh Sanim Luis Ricardo da Silva organized the Bahia Slave Revolt, also known as the Males Uprising, the largest Slave Rebellion in the history of Brazil.
1836 – Oyo kingdom collapsed.
1836 – Ibadan, originally a Nupe settlement for the practice of the Nupe religion of Ifa or Iba, rose to replace Oyo as a regional superpower.
1837 – Tsado, Etsu Majiya’s son, revolted against the Fulanis.
1837 – Makau, the fugitive king of Zaria fleeing from the Fulani Jihadists, waged serious battles against Daudu Maza of the Lapai Emirate.
1837 – Tsado, Etsu Majiya’s son, killed near Egbako.
1837 – Daudu Maza defeated and killed Makau, the former king of Zaria, at a battle near Lapai.
1837 – Usman Zaki assumed the title of Emir of Nupe.
1837 – Daudu Maza, after defeating and killing Makau of Zaria, became paramount ruler of the Lapai Emirate after obtaining a flag of the Sokoto Caliphate from Gwandu.
1840 – Daudu Maza died.
1840s – 1850 – The Etsu Nupes raided the Bassa Nge for slaves and annual tributes. This eventually pushed the Bassa Nge further into Bassaland and the lands of the Atah of Igala at Idah in the 1850s.
1840 – Umaru Nagwamatse the Nupe prince, left Sokoto and came down to KinNupe.
1840 – The Kambari, an ancient Ibara Nupe people, were conquered by Yauri and the Fulani.
1841 – Etsu Zubairu Majiya died.
1841 – Emir Halilu of Gwandu came to KinNupe to facilitate a peace conference at Raba.
1841 – Masaba led a second revolt against Usman Zaki.
1841 – Emir Usman Zaki and Umaru Majigi went on exile at Gwandu.
1841 – Etsu Tsado and Masaba went and overthrow Emir Aliyu from power as Emir of Tsonga.
1841 – Masaba became Emir of Nupe after overthrowing Etsu Usman Zaki.
1841 – The British Niger Expedition established a Model Farm in KinNupe at a site that was to become the future town of Lokoja.
1841 – Etsu Idirisu died.
1842 – Masaba conquered Zugurma.
1842 – Etsu Tsado attacked Lafiagi and drove out the supporters of Usman Zaki.
1843 – Etsu Tsado attacked Tsonga and drove out the supporters of Usman Zaki.
1843 – Nupe-Fulani forces defeated at Oshogbo; thereby checking the tide of the Nupe Jihadist expansionism towards the Atlantic.
1845 – Emir Halilu of Gwandu came to KinNupe to settle warring factions.
1845 – Etsu Masaba built Lade, nine miles from Patigi, into the new capital city of KinNupe.
1845 – John Ezzidio, the Nupe millionaire, became mayor of Freetown.
1846 – Umaru Nagwamatse, the Nupe prince, given command of a post on the Sabon Birni-Isa-Kaura Namoda road.
1847 – Dabo, the Nupe ruler of Kano, died.
1847 – Civil war in KinNupe as Jiya and Yisa, both Etsu Tsado’s sons, fought for the Etsu Nupe throne.
1847 – Etsu Jiya, son of Etsu Tsado, was defeated and fled to Yeni where he died.
1847 – Etsu Jiya, son of Etsu Tsado, succeeded by Maza.
1847 – Masaba ordered Umaru Bahaushe to crush both Yisa and Maza.
1847 – Umaru Bahaushe revolted against Etsu Masaba.
1848 – Mallam Babba of Agaie died.
1850 – Etsu Tsado died at Boroji.
1850 – Masaba drove Nupe people out of Tsaragi.
1850s – Nitsa Nupe immigrants spread over Iboland founding and establishing various Onitsha settlements among which is today’s Onitsha.
1851 – Umaru Nagwamatse, the Nupe prince, arrive KinNupe.
1853 – Masaba allowed the Nupe population of Tsaragi to return to Tsaragi.
1853 – April 23: Aunty Ciata, the Brazilian Nupe ex- slave woman who founded the popular dance and music of Samba and who was a priestess of the Nupe religion of Ifa, was born at Salvador, Bahia, Brazil. 1853 – Etsu Abdulkadiri restored as Emir of Lafiagi.
1854 – Etsu Masaba procured musketeers from the Bale of Ibadan.
1854 – Bishop Samuel Ajayi Crowther visited KinNupe.
1854-1856 – Etsu Masaba subjugated the Lafiagi and Lade areas under his absolute control. 1855 – General Umaru Bahaushe revolted against Etsu Masaba.
1855 – General Umaru Bahaushe defeated Etsu Masaba in a series of battles and eventually overthrew and drove Masaba into exile to Ilorin.
1855 – Etsu Maza killed.
1856 – Umaru Bahaushe drowned in the Gbako river.
1856 – Etsu Ndakpwatwa Ahmadu Saba of Tsaragi died.
1856 – Ndakpwatwa Abubakar became the Etsu Tsaragi.
1857 – Usman Zaki came back to KinNupe from exile in Birnin Kebbi.
1857 – Masaba came back to KinNupe from exile in Ilorin.
1857 – September: William Baikie visited Bida. 1857 – Emir Usman Zaki established Bida as the new capital of the Dendo Dynasts 1857 – Dr. Baikie arrived Raba onboard the Dayspring.
1857 – Dr. Baikie signed a treaty with the Etsu Nupes including a permission to build Lokoja town on the River Niger.
1857 – Dr. William Baikie built Lokoja with the permission of the Etsu Nupes as a new Nupe town on the Confluence of the Niger and the Benue. 1858 – Emir Halilu of Gwandu died.
1859 – Emir Usman Zaki died.
1859 – Masaba became Emir for the Second Term.
1859 – Umaru Nagwamatse, a Nupe prince, turbaned as ‘Sarkin Sudan’.
1860 – Masaba begun the construction of the Bida City Walls.
1860 – Dr. William Baikie, the British Consulate in KinNupe, began the building of the town of Lokoja as the capital of the White people with the permission of Etsu Masaba.
1860 – Bishop Samuel Ajayi Crowther published a Primer of the Nupe language.
1860 – Masaba built the three great royal palaces, great central mosque and the famous markets of Bida.
1860 – Umaru Nagwamatse, the Nupe prince, arrived KinNupe from Sokoto.
1861 – The British authorities began to repatriate Nupe ex-slaves, called Saros, from Sierra Leone to Lagos. These Nupe peoples form the famous Saros families of Lagos to this day.
1862 – Umaru Nagwamatse stopped from tampering with Abuja (Suleja) Emirate.
1864 – Umaru Nagwamatse, a Nupe prince, established the Kontagora Emirate.
1864 – Bishop Samuel Ajayi Crowther published a Full Grammar and Vocabulary of the Nupe language. It was the first Nupe ‘Dictionary’ and the first dictionary of any Nigerian language.
1864 – Dr. William Baikie the British Consulate and the ‘Etsu Lokoja’ died on his way to England from KinNupe.
1865 – Jantabo of Lapai and Nagwamatse of Kontagora entered into an agreement on territorial issues.
1867 – Etsu Masaba gave away the Northwestern half of KinNupe – including Kontagora, Kagara, Yauri, Mariga, Magama, Agwara, Kambari, Dakarkari, etc – away to his Nupe cousin brother Umaru Nagwamatse.
1868 – July 2nd: Chief Oshodi Tapa, the Great Nupe Chief of Lagos, died.
1868 – Etsu Abdulkadiri of Lafiagi died. 1868 – Etsu Ibrahim Halilu became the Etsu Lafiagi.
1868 – Kpanti or Kwenti Rebellion: Lavun indigenes unsuccessfully marched on Bida.
1871 – Emir Halilu of Gwandu came to settle territorial disputes between the Fulanis of the Bida, Agaie and Lapai emirates.
1872 – Masaba establish international trade relationship with the Royal Niger Company.
1872 – Etsu Mu’azu Isa I of Patigi died.
1872 – John Ezzidio died in Freetown.
1873 – Etsu Masaba died.
1873 – Umaru Majigi became Etsu Nupe.
1876 – Efa Gbagba War, Prince Baba, son of late Etsu Majiya, rebelled against Bida.
1877 – George Goldie arrived KinNupe.
1877 – Umaru Nagwamatse, the Nupe founder of the Kontagora Emirate, died.
1878 – Reverend Banfield was born in Quebec, Canada.
1880 – The Aguda Nupe ex-slaves from Brazil and Cuba formed 10% the population of Lagos.
1880 – The Wesleyan missionaries, supervised by the Kanuri ex-slave and convert W.A. Allakura Sharpe, began proselytization in KinNupe.
1881 – Etsu Muhammadu Ndayako (Etsu Bakudu) born.
1881-1882 – Ganigan Revolt: The Kyadya revolted against Bida.
1880s-1890s – Sarkin Sudan Ibrahim Nagwamatse of Kontagora conquered parts of Northern Bida Emirate into the Kontagora Emirate.
1882 – Etsu Ibrahim Halilu of Lafiagi died.
1882 – Etsu Aliyu became Etsu Lafiagi.
1884 – Etsu Umaru Majigi died.
1884 – Etsu Maliki became Etsu Nupe.
1884 – Two European missionary priests of the Society of African Missions came to KinNupe as they arrived at Lokoja.
1885 – Sir George Goldie re-established the Royal Niger Company’s relationship with the Etsu Nupe.
1887 – The R.N.C. convinced Britain to stop selling firearms to the Bida Emirate.
1888 – The Royal Niger Company, R.N.C., illegally declared Lokoja as independent of the Bida Emirate.
1890s – Lady Flora Shaw, Lord Lugard’s wife, coined the name ‘Nigeria’ after KinNupe’s River Niger. 1891 – Bishop Samuel Ajayi Crowther died.

Hajiya Fatima Lolo The Great Nupe Woman
1891 – Hajiya Fatima Lolo born.
1892 – Sir George Goldie, the head of the Royal Niger Company, visited Etsu Abubakar at Bida.
1894 – After a provocative fact-finding tour of Kabbaland under Bida Emirate sovereignty, Frederick Lugard advised the R.N.C. to attack Bida.
1895 – Etsu Maliki died.
1895 – Etsu Abubakar became Etsu Nupe.
1896 – Etsu Abubakar sent part of the Bida army to Ogidi to control the Kabba people.
1895 – The French illegally established a military post at Gbajibo which was under Bida Emirate sovereignty.
1896 – The British R.N.C. illegally established military posts at Jebba, Gbajibo and Leaba which were under Bida Emirate sovereignty.
1896 – The British R.N.C. illegally established patrol stations against Bida sovereignty at Kabba and Ikaram in today’s Kogi State.
1896 – The British instigated the Owe people to protest against Bida’s imposition of children levy in Oweland.
1896 – April: Governing Council of the R.N.C. concluded at a meeting that the Bida Emirate and the Ilorin Emirate must be conquered by the R.N.C. through an all-out war.
1896 – June 26: Bida army defeated and captured a trespassing British R.N.C. patrol team forces at Ogidi.
1896 – July: Etsu Abubakar sent a very large section of the Bida army, under Makun Muhammadu, to reinforce the Bida fighting the Ogidi Alliance in Kabbaland.
1897 – The Battle of Bida.
1897 – Etsu Abubakar deposed by the British 1897 – February 5th: Etsu Muhammadu Makun installed by the British.
1897 – The British colonialists made Yahaya Marike the new Kuta of the Kyadyas who supported the British against Bida during the Battle of Bida.
1897 – The British went and conquer the Benin kingdom, the last of the satellite Nupe kingdoms
1897 – August: Etsu Abubakar went back to Bida and resumed his rulership as the Etsu Nupe.
1898 – Emir Haliru became Emir of Tsonga.
1898 –Agaie became part of the Niger River British Protectorate.
1898 – Patigi Emirate established.
1898 – Idirisu Gana II became Etsu of Patigi.
1898 – George Taubman Goldie killed in a battle at Gulu 1899 – Etsu Abubakar reigned for the Second Term till 26 February 1901.
1900 – Etsu Idirisu Gana II of Patigi died.
1900 – The British established Lokoja, a Nupe town, as the capital city of their Northern Protectorate Government.
1900 – Mu’azu Isa II became the new Etsu of Patigi.
1900 – The indigenous Nupe people of Lafiagi revolted against their Nupe-Fulani emir and drove him into exile at Tsonga.
1901 – January 31st: The British conquered the Nupe Emirate of Kontagora.
1901 – February: Etsu Abubakar deposed again by the British again at Bida.
1901 – February: Etsu Muhammadu Makun reinstalled again by the British for the Second Term.
1901 – Under British rule Nupe Emirate became known as Bida Emirate.
1901 – The Colonial Government balkanised the Nupe Nation into a Nupe Province and other provinces.
1901 – Gbari and Kamuku removed from Nupe sovereignty and merged into a Gwari-Kamuku Federation by the Colonial Government.
1901 – Reverend A.W. Banfield arrived KinNupe with three other missionaries.
1902 – Etsu Ndakpwatwa Abubakar of Tsaragi died.
1902 – Etsu Ndakpwatwa Gwonshi became the Etsu Tsaragi.
1902 – Bida Native Authority was created by the British.
1902 – Reverend Banfield settled down to carry on missionary activities at Patigi.
1902 – The British Colonial Government transformed Zungeru, a Nupe town, into the capital city of their Northern Protectorate.
1903 – April 24: Professor S.F. Nadel born at Vienna, Austria.
1904 – Reverend Banfield left KinNupe and went back home to Canada.
1904 – The Church Missionary Society opened the first Western education school at Bida.
1904 – The British Colonial Government deliberately balkanized the Nupe Nation into puny and powerless divisions.
1904 – Many Christian missions set up the Nupe Language Conference to work out a standard Nupe orthography.
1905 – The Igbomina Yoruba people of Share quarrelled among themselves and deposed their Olukpako who was exiled to Ilorin where he died afterwards.
1905 – The son of the late Olukpako, who is next in line to succeed his late father, left Share and went and established Babanloma.
1905 – The Colonial Government restored the Nupe Ndakpwatwa as the paramount ruler of Tsaragi over the Igbomina Yorubas.
1905 – Reverend Banfield appointed as the first Superintendent of the Mennonite Brethren in Christ.
1905 – Etsu Muhammadu Makun of Bida officially installed as the Etsu Nupe by the British Colonial Government.
1905 – Reverend Banfield came back to KinNupe to continue with his missionary activities.
1905 – Alhaji Aliyu Makama Nupe born.
1905 – Reverend Banfield settled down at Tsonga as his new base for missionary activities.
1906 – Etsu Abubakar came back to Bida and ousted Etsu Muhammadu Makun from power.
1906 – The British removed Etsu Abubakar from power again and re-instated Etsu Muhammadu Makun again.
1906 – The Royal Niger Company opened a Canteen in Bida.
1906 – The first census of Bida was conducted.
1906 – Reverend Banfield set up the first printing press in Nigeria at Tsonga.
1906 – Reverend Banfield founded the United Missionary Society or UMS at Tsonga.
1907 – The British camped that village of Tsoiwa Angulu to spy on the Bida Emirate.
1908 – Bida Emirate was incorporated in the Niger Province.
1908 – Construction of Baro-Kano railway started.
1909 – Etsu Ndakpwatwa Gonshi of Tsaragi accorded a 3rd Grade Staff of Office by the Colonial Government.
1909 – Bida connected, with a station at Baddegi, by railroad to Baro.
1910 – Zambufu incorporated into the Share District of Ilorin Province by the Colonial Government.
1910-1917 – The Colonial Government reclaimed for the Ndakpwatwa of Tsaragi most of the lands that the Fulani rulers have seized from him in 1834.
1911 – Etsu Abubakar, deposed by the British Government and exiled to Lokoja, died in and was buuried at Lokoja.
1911 – Professor Leo Frobenius, the German anthropologist, visited Bida.
1911 – Alhaji Abubakar Imam, the Nupe author of the Hausa book ‘Magana Jari Ce’, born at Kagara.
1911 – Colonial Government conducted first census in KinNupe.
1911 – Bida Elementary Primary School, now Government College Bida, established as the first elementary primary school in Bida.
1911 – Native administration schools opened at Agaie and Lapai.
1912 – First Western school established at Wadata near Baro.
1913 – The British Colonial authorities at Zungeru and Ibadan decide to merge the Northern and Southern Protectorates into one for administrative convenience.
1914 – Nigeria was officially created by the Amalgamation of the Northern and Southern Protectorates and Lagos Colony into one.
1914 – The Koton Karifi District handed over to the Nupe Province from Abuja Division.
1914 – Bida Elementary School, now Government School Bida, relocated to its permanent site where it remains to this day and renamed as Bida Provincial School.
1916 – February 26: Etsu Muhammadu Makun died.
1916 – March 6: Etsu Bello installed as Etsu Nupe.
1917 – Etsu Ndakpwatwa Gonshi of Tsaragi died.
1917 – Etsu Kpwatwa Jibirilu became the Etsu Tsaragi.
1917 – Reverend Banfield left Tsonga for Lagos.
1918 – Mallam Abubakar Anike born.
1918 – Alkali Umaru, a great Nupe Islamic scholar at Bida, died.
1919 – Bida Provincial School’s name changed to Middle School Bida. The school is known now as Government College Bida.
1919 – Sheikh Alkali Musa Bida born.
1921 – Colonial Government conducted second census in KinNupe. Population of Nupe 349,088.
1921 – The British administrators banned the Kusogi Ndakogboya cult of the Bida Emirate.
1923 – Etsu Mu’azu Isa of Patigi died.
1923 – Usman Tsado installed as the new Etsu of Patigi.
1924 – Aunty Ciata, the Nupe woman founder of the popular Brazilain dance and music of Samba, died.
1924 – Alhaji Ndagi Faruk born at Bida.
1926 – Etsu Muhammadu Bello died.
1926 – Etsu Saidu Muhammadu became Etsu Nupe.
1927 – Reverend A.W. Banfield completed his translation of the Bible into Nupe.
1929 – Sheikh Ahmed Lemu born at Lemu.
1930 – Reverend Banfield retired from active service.
1930s – More Nupe Saros arrive from Sierra Leone to settle in various parts of Southern Nigeria including in the Niger Delta, Lagos and in some Eastern Nigerian cities including Onitsha, Aba, and Owerri.
1931 – Etsu Tafian admitted into the Bida Emirate Council cabinet as a representative of the masses at the grassroots.
1931 – Etsu Muhammadu Ndayako (Etsu Bakudu) turbaned as Danmasanin Nupe and appointed as the District Head of Kusotacin Lale.
1931 – Etsu Usman Tsado abdicate the throne as Etsu Patigi. 1931 – Umaru became Etsu Patigi.
1932 – The Sokyara Incident of Bida whereby three women accused of witchcraft were almost lynched to death by a mobster. Many houses were burnt and the Colonial authorities didn’t find it easy bringing the situation under control.
1932 – Etsu Muhammadu Ndayako (Etsu Bakudu) turbaned as Nagenu Nupe and appointed as the District Head of Zhima/Doko.
1933 – Etsu Patigi Idirisu Gana born.
1934 – The Sheshi of Katcha officially and formally appointed by the Etsu Nupe at Bida.
1934 – Alhaji Alhassan Abubakar Badakoshi born.
1934 – October 1: Professor Shehu Marafa Bida, the first Nupe Professor and the first Veterinary Professor in Northern Nigeria, born.
1935 – Alhaji Shehu Ahmadu Musa born. Alhaji Shehu Ahmadu Musa was the Secretary to the Federal Government of Nigeria during the Shagari administration.
1935 – February: Etsu Saidu Muhammadu died.
1935 – February 28: Etsu Muhammadu Ndayako (Bakudu) became Etsu Nupe.
1937 – February 13th: Etsu Nupe Alhaji (Dr.) Umaru Sanda Ndayako born.
1937 – Etsu Bakudu received the Coronation Award.
1938 – Mallam Abubakar Imam, the Nupe author of Hausa classics, published the first volume of his ‘Magana Jari Ce’.
1938 – Etsu Bakudu visited Lagos, making him the first Etsu Nupe to do so.
1938 – Ambassador J.T. Kolo born at Doko.
1938 – Mallam Abubakar Imam, the Nupe author of Hausa classics, became the pioneer editor of the Northern Nigerian newspaper ‘Gaskiya tafi Kwabo’.
1941 – Alhaji Idrisu Alhassan Kpaki born at Kpaki.
1942 – Professor S.F. Nadel’s ‘A Black Byzantium’, the greatest book on Nupe sociology, published. 1942 – Alhaji Aliyu Makama Nupe became a staff of the Bida Native Authority.
1945 – Share and Zambufu excised from Tsaragi by the Colonial Government.
1945 – Alhaji Aliyu Makama Nupe attended the African Conference at London, England.
1945 – November 30: Professor Jerry Gana born at Busu, Lavun L.G.A., Niger State.
1946 – Etsu Bakudu received the Sarakuna Award.
1947 – Reverend A.W. Banfield’s translation of the Bible into Nupe published.
1948 – Etsu Bakudu received the C.B.E. Award.
1948 – March 15th: Professor Sheikh Abdallah born at Bida.
1950 – The Patigi Emirate Council conceived the idea of a Patigi Regatta.
1952 – Etsu Bakudu attended the Coronation Ceremony of Queen Elizabeth II of England at London. He was the first Etsu Nupe to visit England.
1952 – Etsu Muhammadu Kobo of Lapai accompanied Etsu Bakudu to England serving as Etsu Bakudu’s interpreter.
1952 – Sheikh Sa’id Enagi born.
1953 – First Patigi Regatta took place.
1953 – Alhaji Aliyu Makama Nupe attended the Constitutional Talks at London, England.
1953 – Bida Teachers College established.
1954 – Bida Middle School (now Government College Bida) upgraded to a full Secondary School.
1955 – Alhaji Aliyu Makama Nupe among the entourage of the Sardaunan Sokoto that performed the Hajj Pilgrimage to Mecca.
1955 – Bida Vocational Centre (now Eyagi Technical College) established by a White lady popularly known as Nnayintsu.
1956 – January 14: Professor S.F. Nadel died at Canberra, Australia.
1956 – Patigi and Lafiagi unsuccessfully tried to form a Federated Native Authority.
1956 – Alhaji Ndagi Faruk, from Bida, elected into the Northern Parliament.
1958 – Bida Vocational Centre (now Eyagi Technical College) upgraded and renamed as Government Craft School Bida and relocated to Eyagi area of Bida metropolis.
1958 – Nigeria granted Self-Rule by the Colonial Government.
1958 – Bida experienced its first armed robbery case when Barclay’s Bank Bida was attacked by armed robbers who killed the police officer on guard.
1959 – Etsu Bakudu participated in the 1959 Durbar at Kaduna in celebration of Northern Nigeria’s Self Rule.
1960 – Nigeria gained Independence.
1960 – Nnamdi Azikiwe, who was born in KinNupe and was mentored by Herbert Macauley the Nupe man, became President of Nigeria.
1961 – January 1st: Bida Electricity was commissioned by Sir Ahmadu Bello Sardaunan Sokoto through the efforts of Alhaji Aliyu Makaman Nupe.
1961 – Etsu Bakudu performed the Hajj Pilgrimage to Mecca.
1962 – The rotation of Etsuship among the three Dendo royal houses was disrupted with the emergence of Usman Sarki from the Masaba House instead of the Usman Zaki house.
1962 – Professor Shehu Marafa Bida left for the USA to study Veterinary Science at the Veterinary College, Tuskegee.
1962 – Alhaji Shehu Ahmadu Musa left for the USA for a postgraduate course in Public Admin at the University of Minnesota.
1962 – October 29: Etsu Bakudu died.
1962 – March 3: Usman Sarki became Etsu Nupe.
1963 – Population of Bida is 55,007 according to 1963 Census.
1965 – Alhaji Ndagi Faruk awarded the OFR.
1966 – January 15: Nigeria witnessed its first Military Coup.
1967: May 30 – Biafra seceded from Nigeria.
1967: July 6 – The Biafran civil war broke out between the secessionist Biafra and the Federal Government of Nigeria.
1968 – Etsu Umaru Gana of Patigi died.
1968 – Idirisu Gana III became Etsu Patigi.
1969 – October 29: Etsu Usman Sarki deposed.
1969 – Etsu Musa Bello became Etsu Nupe.
1974 – Alhaji Shehu Ahmadu Musa became the Permanent Secretary Federal Ministry of Health, Lagos.
1975 – January 10: Etsu Musa Bello died.

Etsu Umaru Sanda The Late King Of Nupe
1975 – January: Etsu Umaru Sanda became Etsu Nupe.
1975 – Alhaji Ndagi Faruk appointed as the Chairman of the North-Western State Sports Council.
1976: February 13 – General Murtala Muhammed killed. 1976: February 14 – General Olusegun Obasanjo, a man frm the ancient Nupe town of Abeokuta, becomes the new Head of State of Nigeria.
1976 – Niger State created ostensibly for the Nupe people.
1976 – Sheikh Ahmed Lemu appointed as pioneer Grand Khadi of Niger State.
1977 – Nigeria hosted FESTAC which used the ancient Nupe pendant of a Bini queen as its official mascot.
1979 – Alhaji Shehu Shagari became President of the Federal Republic of Nigeria.
1979 – Alhaji Shehu Ahmadu Musa, a Nupe man from Bida, became the SGF Secretary to the Federal Government (SGF) of the Federal Republic of Nigeria.
1979 – Alhaji Idrisu Alhassan Kpaki became Deputy Governor of Niger State.
1980 – Alhaji Aliyu Mahmud Makama Nupe, the great statesman, died.
1981 – Baddegi Post Office opened.
1981 – Mallam Abubakar Imam, the Nupe author of Hausa classics, died.
1985: August 27 – General Ibrahim Badamasi Babangida, a man of mixed Nupe bloodlines, became the military President of the Federal Republic of Nigeria.
1986 – FCT of Nigeria moved to Abuja which is located in the general area of the Greater KinNupe of former times.
1986 – General Mamman Vatsa, the highest ranking Nupe man in those days, executed by the Babangida regime.
1989 – Alhaji Shehu Ahmadu Musa was appointed as the Chairman of the National Population Commission, NPC, by the Federal Government.
1991 – Sheikh Ahmed Lemu retired from active service as the Grand Khadi of Niger State.
1993: August 26 – General Ibrahim Badamasi Babangida, a man of mixed Nupe bloodlines, handed over power as President of Nigeria to Chief Ernest Shonekan.
1993 – General Sani Abacha became the Head of State of Nigeria.
1995 – Alhaji Shehu Ahmadu Musa and Professor Shehu Marafa Bida revived and popularized the Ndaduma Movement.
1996 – General Sani Abacha created more states but did not create Ndaduma State for the Nupe people.
1997 – Alhaji Alhassan Idrisu Kpaki became Minister of State for the Federal Capital Territory. 1997 – Hajiya Fatima Lolo died.
1998: June 8 – General Sani Abacha died.
1998: June 9 – General Abdulsalam Abubakar, a man of mixed Nupe bloodlines, became Head of State of Nigeria.
1999 – February 27: Alkali Musa Bida died.
2000 – Sheikh Ahmed Lemu conferred with the National Honours Award of Member of the Order of the Niger (MON).
2002 – March 3: Alhaji Ndagi Faruk died.
2003 – March 16: Alhaji Alhassan Badakoshi died.
2003 – September 1: Etsu Umaru Sanda died. 2003 – September 12: Etsu Yahaya Abubakar became Etsu Nupe.
2004 – November: Professor Idrees Abdullahi of the University of Abuja and one of the greatest Nupe historians from Patigi, died.
2006 – Alhaji Idrisu Alhassan Kpaki died.
2007 – Dr. Mu’azu Babangida became Governor of Niger State.
2007 – The government of Freetown named a street after John Ezzidio, the Nupe man who was the first African to become a millionaire.
2010 – November 17; Nupe Cultural and Resource Centre, NCRC, inaugurated by the Etsu Nupe Alhaji (Dr.) Yahaya Abubakar.
2014 – Etsu Kudu Abubakar III of Agaie died.
2014 – Etsu Yusuf Nuhu become new Etsu Agaie.


Áma Ndagi Abdullahi

1 comment
  1. Dr Ndagi .may God prolong your life for us you was hardly possible in entire Nupe land .we are very appreciated your gesture. your good intent to promote nupe language .Thanks so much

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