Bachelor’s Degree Meaning And History

A bachelor’s degree (from the medieval Latin baccalaureate) or a bachelor’s degree (from the modern Latin baccalaureate) is an undergraduate degree awarded by colleges and universities.

Three to six years after completion (depending on the degree).

The two most common bachelor’s degrees are Bachelor of Arts (BA) and Bachelor of Science (BS or BSc).

In some educational institutions and systems, certain bachelor’s degrees can only be obtained as graduate or postgraduate degrees after completion of the first degree, although successful completion of a bachelor’s degree is a prerequisite for further courses such as master’s or doctorate.

In countries with a qualification framework, a bachelor’s degree is often one of the main levels in the framework (sometimes two levels are considered where a bachelor’s degree without honors is considered separately).

However, some degrees with a baccalaureate title may be at other levels (eg MBBS) and some degrees with a non-bachelor title may be classified as a bachelor’s degree (eg: MA Scotland, MD Canada).

The term bachelor in the twelfth century referred to a celibate knight who was too young or too poor to gather vassals under his banner. In the late 13th century, it was also used by members of younger guilds or universities.

By etymology or folk pun, the word baccalaureate has been combined with bacca lauri (“bay laurel”) to refer to laurel wreaths awarded for academic achievement or honors. [first]

In the British system and those affected by it, university degrees are distinguished between honors degrees (sometimes referred to by adding “(Hons)” after the degree abbreviation) and degrees.

Non-honorary degrees (commonly known as pass diplomas, general diplomas, or general diplomas).

Honors degrees typically require a higher level of education than degrees and, in some systems, an additional year of study beyond the non-honourary degree.

Some countries, such as Australia, New Zealand, South Africa, and Canada, hold a BA with honors in postgraduate qualifications.

Bachelor Degree Scheme oO Completion Periods In All Counties

The map shows how long it takes students from different countries to complete a bachelor’s degree. It usually takes 3 to 6 years.

Bachelor Degree Subjects

Many other honors degrees are also offered. Some are in highly specialized fields, such as a five-year BIDes or a bachelor’s degree in industrial design.

Others are offered only at a limited number of universities, such as the Walsh School of Foreign Service’s Bachelor of Science in Foreign Service at Georgetown University (BSFS).

The University of Delaware offers a Bachelor of Applied Science and Arts (BAASc) degree, a degree that usually refers to an interdisciplinary course of study for a variety of disciplines within the College of Arts and Sciences.

The Bachelor of Arts and Science degree from Stanford University is open to students who have a degree but have completed two majors in Arts and Sciences, one that usually leads to a bachelor’s degree and the other. It usually leads to a bachelor’s degree.

At many institutions, one can only complete a dual degree program if the bachelor’s degree is in different categories (for example, one can obtain a bachelor’s degree in philosophy and a bachelor’s degree in engineering at the same time).

Chemistry, but a person who will study philosophy and English will obtain a bachelor’s degree in only two disciplines).

Bachelor Degree Variation In Africa

In most African countries, the university system follows the model of their former colonial power. For example, the Nigerian university system is similar to the British system, while the Ivorian system is similar to the French system.

Bachelor Degree Variation In Nigeria

University admission is very competitive, with its pros and cons. However, it takes four to five years to earn a bachelor’s degree. In the case of poor performance, the delay is twice the standard time. For example, one cannot study more than 10 years for a 5-year course.

Students are often asked to leave if they need a longer break. Nigerian universities offer BA, BTech (usually a University of Technology), BA (six-year), and other specialized university degrees, such as BEng. The first course diploma in science may require six months or semester for you (industrial work experience), but it is often required for all technical qualifications.

A class of work / project thesis is necessary, without getting rid of training courses, at the baccalaureate degree last year. The degree classifications: First Class, Second Class (Upper and Lower), Third Class (Honours; i.e. BSc (Hons)) and A Pass (Non-Honours).

First and second class graduates are immediately eligible for advanced postgraduate degrees (i.e. MSc and PhD), but other classes may be required for an additional postgraduate degree prior to this eligibility.

In addition, all graduates must meet the requirements of the National Youth Service Corps (NYSC), which usually takes one year, after which they become eligible to pursue postgraduate studies. NYSC is a paramilitary service that involves sending students to different parts of the country to work in a variety of capacities.

The main objective of New York City is to form national cohesion, encouraging students to apply their acquired knowledge to solve the problems of rural areas in Nigeria and elsewhere. NYSC was established by law after the Nigerian Civil War.

The Polytechnic School of Nigeria is not considered a university. Their mission is to train highly qualified technicians. They award OND (Ordinary National Diploma) and HND (Higher National Diploma).

Polytechnic focuses strongly on practical technical training. BSC and HND are compared to the artistic world, but there are great differences in training philosophies. Honors degrees in Nigeria are only distinguished on the basis of merit.

Honors degrees include First Class Diploma, Second Class Diploma (Upper and Lower) and Third Class Diploma, but failed. All undergraduate students must undertake an independent research project to apply the knowledge gained in previous years of study.

Project work must be submitted during the semester prior to graduation and usually represents a significant degree. Project work is verbally advocated for faculty and peers.

Bachelor Degree Variation United States

The baccalaureate diploma in the United States is usually designed to complete in four years of full -time research (meaning an average of 15 hours of teaching weekly for each semester four months, two semesters per year, with a total of eight semester and 120 hours of education / credit).

Although certain programs (such as techniques or architecture) [14] can take five years, and some universities and colleges allow permission.

Students (generally have the current credit of the school’s advanced position or international baccalaureate exams) to complete them faster.

Some American colleges and universities have a separate university song called the “Hondeurs” or “researcher” program, often provided for the students’ century (based on GPA), bow Granting more difficult courses or seminars or separate research projects are separate or outside the standard basic program.

These students earn the same baccalaureate degree as students who complete the standard program, but with the honors listed on their records and diplomas.

Bachelor Degree Variation In Canada

Education in Canada is administered independently by each province and territory; However, a common framework for degrees was agreed upon by the Canadian Cabinet of Education in 2007. This specification has been adopted for bachelor’s, master’s, and doctoral degrees that are intentionally similar to the Bologna process.

Within this framework, four general forms of bachelor’s degrees have been identified: general programs that provide a broad education and prepare graduates for entry-level professional programs or general employment; Intensive study programs in a specific subject to prepare graduates for postgraduate studies in the field or general employment.

Applied programs focus on mastering practice rather than knowledge; and professional programmes, often (but not exclusively) graduate entry, which prepares graduates to practice as professionals in a particular field.

This latter category includes graduate entry degrees that are titled as if they were doctoral degrees, such as MD, JD, and DDS—despite their names, these are considered bachelor’s degrees.

Bachelor Degree Variation In Europe

Bachelor’s degrees are found in most European countries. However, these degrees were only recently offered in a few continental European countries where bachelor’s degrees were before the Bologna process.

Some countries like France call it a license. Intensive European Bachelor’s programs lead to the following most widely accepted qualifications:

Bachelor Degree Variation In United Kingdom

A bachelor’s degree is the standard undergraduate degree in the United Kingdom, with the most common degrees being Bachelor of Arts (BA) and Bachelor of Science (BSc).

Most undergraduate courses (except for the very few postgraduate scholarships and those for medicine, dentistry and veterinary sciences) lead to specialist degrees, and normal degrees are usually awarded only to those who do not achieve the passing grade required for an honors degree.

With the exception of postgraduate undergraduate degrees and undergraduate degrees in medicine, dentistry and veterinary sciences, UK bachelors degrees (with or without honors) are undergraduate (end of course) degrees according to the Bologna process.

Postgraduate degrees and undergraduate degrees in medicine, dentistry and veterinary sciences are second-cycle (end of course) degrees. Some bachelor’s degrees in medicine, dentistry, and veterinary sciences offer alternating degrees leading to the final degree.

Bachelor Degree Variation In France

A traditional baccalaureate degree is equivalent to a three-year French degree. Since the establishment of the New European System of Operations Bologna LMD in 2004, recognition of a 3-year bachelor’s degree with a bachelor’s degree, a 5-year master’s degree and an 8-year doctorate has become common practice.

However, some private institutes literally call their bachelor’s degree their own. Some of these bachelor’s degrees are “target degrees” (often awarded by specialized private schools.

Such as schools of business, design, film or journalism), and others are “certificates” from the French state. Others were not approved by the French state.

Bachelor Degree Variation In Germany

Historically, the baccalaureate, known as “Bakkalaureus”, has been in Germany since the late Middle Ages. But it was abolished by educational reforms implemented in 1820.

The Abitur degree – the final qualification obtained on-campus after a specialized two-year “undergraduate” – has taken its place and universities award only postgraduate degrees.

A master’s degree, a postgraduate degree, is awarded after five years of study. In 1899, a second diploma, the Diploma, was introduced when the Technische Hochschulen (TH) was granted university status.

With the advent of the University of Applied Sciences, an abbreviated version of the latter, called Diplom (FH) and designed to last three to four years, was phased in from 1969. until 1972.

Bachelor Degree Variation In India

bachelor’s degree degrees in India normally take 3 years of study to complete, although courses like BE/BTech, MBBS, BVSc or BArch take longer. A BE/BTech usually takes 4 years, while an MBBS or BArch usually takes 5 years to complete.

Most of the Science, Commerce, and Arts degrees are honours degrees with electives chosen by the student.

With the implementation of National Education Policy 2020, undergraduate degree programs will take 4 years with an option to leave the program in 3 years.

Bachelor Degree Variation In South Africa

In South Africa, an honours degree is an additional postgraduate qualification in the same area as the undergraduate major, and requires at least one further year of study as well as a research report.

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